Suppot Childrens Care Learning and Development in the Early Years

Topics: Developmental psychology, Children Act 1989, Special education Pages: 11 (3258 words) Published: July 25, 2013
UNIT 1

1.1

In England they use the early years foundation stage EYFS.

In September 2012 the EYFS became mandatory for all early years providers, schools, nurseries and playgroups. This is mandatory that all OFSTED registered schools and early years providers comply with the EYFS requirements. The EYFS also has specific requirements for learning and developing in England and these requirements cover; • Personal, Social & Emotional development

• Communication, Language and Literacy
• Problem solving, reasoning and Numeracy
• Knowledge and understanding of the world
• Physical development
• Creative development

It also states that the EYFS should provide:
• all children make good progress and no child gets missed or left behind, so all children start on an equal footing. • Development and learning opportunities, which are planned around the child and their needs and interests, this ensures each child is treated individually and each child is reviewed and assessed regularly. • Partnership working between parents and settings to provide the best care for the children and ensure parents is included in their child’s developmental progress. • Equality of opportunity and anti-discriminatory practice, this practice ensures everyone is treated fairly and equally and given support.

For babies and children aged from birth to three, they have the Birth to Three Matters; this was created to support practitioners working with young children and babies. Certain principles underpin the framework, for example, that parents and family are central to the well-being of the child, and that a relationship with a key person at home and in the setting is essential to young children's well-being. Most importantly, the framework emphasised that children learn most effectively when, with the support of a knowledgeable and trusted adult, they are actively involved and interested. In other words, children learn by doing rather than by being told. According to Janet Moyles she adapted an approach to play which she refers as the ‘spiral of learning’. She suggests that children should be allowed to explore using free-play, the adult can then direct the child’s play, and the child can then go back to a more enriched free play this would result in a spiral of learning spreading upwards and outwards into wider experiences.(pg 35)

In Wales they have the foundation phase, this is a statutory curriculum for children aged 3-7 years old. It encourages children to be imaginative and to have fun whilst making there learning more enjoyable. The foundation stage emphasis more on children learning by doing, to gain first hand experiences through play rather sitting at a desk all day. According to Jean-Jacques Rosseau he said ‘allow children to explore freely in their early years and to make discoveries for themselves without constraints (pg78) The foundation phase also has specific requirements for learning and developing in Wales and these requirements cover; • Personal, Social & Emotional development

• Communication, Language and Literacy
• Problem solving, reasoning and Numeracy
• Knowledge and understanding of the world
• Physical development
• Creative development

In Scotland they have the curriculum for excellence (CFE) this curriculum is from 3 – 18 years old.

This curriculum aims to ensure all children in Scotland develop knowledge and skills they will need to grow in life and learn. It aims to develop 4 capacities helping children to become successful learners, confident individuals and responsible citizens.

The national curriculum is set out in stages
Key stage 1 5-7 years year group 1-2
Key stage 2 7-11 years year group 3-6

Flying start
The support and stimulation children receive in their early years and how it affects their abilities and potential throughout life. This is a provision set up for children aged between 0-3 years old and the FS aged 3-7 years of age. These are supported...

Bibliography: Moyles Janet 2000 PLANNING PLAY AND THE EARLY YEARS, Heinemann childcare.
Neaum S, 1997, GOOD PRACTICE IM IMPLEMENTING THE PRE-SCHOOL CURRICULUM, Stanley Thornes ltd
Piaget, J, 1999, NURSERY NURSING, Heinemann childcare.
ROSSEAU J, 2000 PLANNING PLAY AND THE EARLY YEARS, Heinemann childcare.
http://wales.gov.uk/dcells/publications/policy_strategy_and_planning/early-wales/whatisfoundation/foundationphase/2274085/frameworkforchildrene.pdf?lang=en
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