use of computers in the teaching and learning process

Topics: Education, Computer data storage, Computer Pages: 11 (3550 words) Published: September 23, 2014
1.0 INTRODUCTION
Computers have changed the way people work in any profession. They play a vital role in any field and aid industrial processes, medical industry, farming, mining, banking infect in all industries. This clearly shows how important computers are in this modern world, hence their existence in the education sector is very essential. Of importance society has become more computer literate over the past few decades, and as technology has been advancing, society’s reliance on computing systems has increased. Education is all about preparing an individual to be of use in an industry. Therefore to incorporate computers in the teaching learning process is necessary in order to create familiarity with various computer assistant applications from a young age, particularly within a classroom capacity. In order to effectively evaluate the use of computers in the teaching and learning process the writer is going to define terms such as computers, teaching and learning. The writer is also going to give a brief account on the perspectives of the leaner, and the teacher on the use of computers as well as the advantages and the disadvantages of using them in the teaching and learning process. 2.0 DEFINATIONS OF TERMS

2.1 COMPUTERS
Geisert P (1995) defines a computer as an electronic device which is capable of receiving information (data) and performing a sequence of logical operations in accordance with a predetermined but variable set of procedural instructions (program) to produce a result in form of information or signals. A computer can be programmed to do a lot of functions depending on the software installed in it. From the above definition it can be noted that computers are not necessarily the laptops or desktops but will include ipads and even cell phones since they are capable of receiving information (data) and performing a sequence of logical operations in accordance with a predetermined, variable set of procedural instructions (program) to produce a result in form of information or signals. 2.2 TEACHING AND LEARNING

Teaching and learning are processes that are interlinked to each other but for proper understanding it important to define the terms separately. Mpofu (1994) defines teaching as “those systematic activities by which the teacher helps the pupil learn how to do certain things that will assist the pupil cope with and improve his/her environment.” Biggs (1991) simply says “teaching is developing problem solving abilities in learners.” Both authors are in agreement that the are two parties involved the teacher who facilitates the process and the learner who is the one to be developed. Learning is about behavior management for specific purposes. It is generally thought of as a relatively permanent change in behavior that results from an individual’s interaction with the environment. (lefrancois, 1994) Therefore in school settings learning is inferred from the students’ ability to demonstrate a variety of knowledge and skills as spelt out in the school curriculum. 3.0 PERSPECTIVES OF TEACHERS AND LEARNERS ON THE USE OF COMPUTERS IN THE TEACHING AND LEARNING PROCESS Currently computers have become the life line of the young generation. The present generation of students likes to embrace all the things in the armpit of this modern technology but unfortunately the majority of educators are feeling shy and reluctant to accept technology as their work partner (Hussain, 2005). Students of this modern generation are much advanced and smarter than their teachers in terms of usage of computers and other modern technical gadgets. It looks as if technology has been with the children since birth, especially computers; they have been an integral part of child’s life and personality. Majority of the children in this age would forget what their parents have instructed them, but would never forget to be “Online” at a specified time to join their friends at chat room using computers Aggarwal, (2012). Most students of...

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