Week 7 Conclusion Of The Topic Of Love And A Naturalistic View Of Death

Topics: Ghost, Spirit, Soul Pages: 22 (1085 words) Published: March 6, 2015
HUMA1000: Cultures and Values (L3):
Love, Death and
Human Nature
Prof. Simon Wong
Division of Humanities
hmmhwong@ust.hk

The debate on love with and without
distinction (cont’d)
• Reasons to support the idea of love with
distinction (continued):
2.(corresponding to Chan’s first reason) The love
without distinction comes from the extension
of love with distinction. Or, the love without
distinction is manifested through the love with
distinction.

Reasons to support the idea of love
with distinction (continued)
– How can I love a stranger to the extent that I love
him/her as myself or my parents? This love for the
stranger come from or is rooted in my love for
myself and my parents.—“Filial piety and
brotherly respect are the root of humanity”; “to
establish the character of oneself and that of
others.”

Reasons to support the idea of love
with distinction (continued)
– I love my parents—I agree to the fact that
everybody should love their parents.—I respect
everybody loving their parents.—I love everybody
loving their parents.—I love their parents.—I love
their parents to the extent that I love them as my
parents.

Reasons to support the idea of love
with distinction (continued)
– Mencius talks about “one foundation”; this
foundation is love for our parents. When he
criticizes I Chih as having “two foundations”
(parents and other people), he means that I Chih
has cut off from the foundation (origin or root) of
love (which is one’s love for one’s parents).
(Mencius 3A:5)

Reasons to support the idea of love
with distinction (continued)
– Being cut off from one’s foundation of love, what
we call “universal love” becomes a kind of abstract
love. This is just an abstract idea of love which is
not true love. Without love, one becomes an
animal. (Mencius 3B:9)

Conclusion of the topic of love
• Two conceptions of love are introduced:
humanity (by the Confucians) and universal love
(by the Mohists).
• While they have similarities, there are two
important differences between them:
1.Universal love is pragmatic love whereas
humanity is non-pragmatic love.
2.Universal love is love without distinction whereas
humanity is love with distinction.

Death
• Introduction
– My question: Is there life after death? Shall we
continue to exist after we die? If so, in what form
or way do we continue to exist after we die?
– To introduce different views of life after death in
my lectures.
– My opinion: we cannot justify if there is life after
death or not. But I personally tend to believe in
life after death. (You can disagree with me.)

Wang Chung’s “A Treatise on Death”
• The theme of this essay is to prove that there
is no ghost.
• To prove the dead do not become spiritual
beings (ghosts), do not possess consciousness,
and cannot hurt people.

Wang Chung’s “A Treatise on Death”
1st paragraph: “Man and other…[in asmuch as
other creatures do not]?”
•Why is it that human beings become spiritual
beings and other creatures not?

Wang Chung’s “A Treatise on Death”
• My opinion: there is a possibility that human
beings become spiritual beings and other
creatures not. There is also a possibility that
other creatures become spiritual beings as
human beings do; but since they are different
form human beings, it is hard for human
beings to see them.

Wang Chung’s “A Treatise on Death”
2nd paragraph: “Man can live…to become a
spiritual being?”
•Blood makes vital forces possible, and vital
forces make man lives. If a man dies, his blood is
exhausted, his vital forces are extinct, and his
body decays.—there is no spiritual being (ghost).

Wang Chung’s “A Treatise on Death”
• My opinion: even though blood (which is
physical) may help to activate vital forces and
make is possible, there is a possibility that vital
forces (which is spiritual) may continue to exist
when blood is exhausted and body decays.

Wang Chung’s “A Treatise on...
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